注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

基于数字化学习环境下有效校本教研

促进教师专业化成长研修平台

 
 
 

日志

 
 
 
 

Unit 3 Language in use  

2015-12-27 15:50:57|  分类: 校本研修英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Teaching model

Revision and application

Teaching method

  Formal and interactive practice

ⅢTeaching aims

To summarise and consolidate the usage of some and any . singular and plural nouns .

ⅣTeaching Objectives

Key structures : …have /has got some…

             …haven’t /hasn’t got any…

Have / Has … got  any…?

ⅤTeaching aids

Tape recorder , OHP , handouts

Teaching Steps

Step 1 Revision

Review the text of Unit 1 and Unit 2 .

Step 2 Language practice

1. Read through the example sentences in the box with the whole class .

2. Ask the students to repeat the sentences in the box.

3. Grammar : …have /has got some…

         …haven’t /hasn’t got any…

Have / Has … got  any…?

Step 3 Work in pairs

1.Ask the students to work in pairs and to talk about the fridge.

— Have we got any meat in the fridge?

— Yes , we have.

— Have we got any…?

—Yes, we have. / No, we haven’t.

2.Write about the fridge in the picture with have got some and haven’t got any.

We’ve got some meat.

We haven’t got any fish.

1. We _______________ vegetables.

2. We ________________ orange

3. We ________________ apples

4. We _______________ eggs.

5. We _______________ bananas.

6. We ________________ orange juice.

7. We _______________ milk.

 

3. Call back the answers from the whole class, check the answers.

Answers :

1. have got some    2. haven’t got any    3. haven’t got any  4. have got some     

5. have got some     6. have got some    7. haven’t got any 

Step 4 Look at the picture in Activity 2 and talk about it.

1. Ask the students to read the words in the box.

2. Look at the picture carefully.

3. Talk about like this:

He has got some a(n)…

He hasn’t got any…

She has got some a(n)…

She hasn’t got any…

The have got some a(n)…

They haven’t got any…

Step 5 Complete the word map.

1. Ask the students to complete the word map individually, then check with a partner.

2. Call back the answers from the whole class, check the answers.

Step 6 Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

1. Ask the students to read through the sentences.

2. Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

3. Ask the students to check with a partner.

4. Call back the answers from the whole class.

Keys:1. Remember  2. important  3. stay  4. delicious  5. bit

Step 7 Grammar.

名词的复数

A) 构成方法及读音规则

1) 一般情况加 –smap-maps  boy-boys   girl-girls   pen-pens   bag-bags  car-cars

      清辅音后读/s/ 浊辅音和元音后读 /z/

2) s, sh, ch, x等结尾加 –es, /iz/

      bus-buses   watch-watches   box-boxes   brush-brushes

3) 以辅音字母+y结尾,y i再加es, /z/

      baby---babies   city-cities   country-countries

但以y结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数。例如: 

     two Marys   the Henrys   monkey---monkeys     holiday---holidays  

 4) o结尾的名词,变复数时:

    a. s photo— photos       piano—pianos

           radio—radios       zoo—zoos

    b. espotato— potatoes      tomato—tomatoes 

5ffe 结尾的名词变复数时f, fe veshalf—halves  

   knife—knives leaf—leaves       wolf—wolves

   wife—wives  life—lives         thief—thieves

B) 名词复数的不规则变化

1) child—children ,  foot—feet ,     tooth—teeth mouse—mice ,   man—-men ,    woman—women   

注意:由一个词加 man woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men -women,如an Englishmantwo Englishmen。但German不是合成词,故复数形式为GermansBowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans

2)单复同形,如deersheepfishChineseJapanese lijinyuantwo lithree mufour jin等。但除人民币的元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。如:a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters

3)集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。例如:

people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a peoplea policea cattle,但可以说a persona policemana head of cattle.

4)以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如:

a. mathspoliticsphysics等学科名词,一般是不可数名词,为单数。

b. news 为不可数名词。

c. the United Statesthe United Nations 应视为单数。

The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的。

5 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜) trousers, clothes等,若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers等。

6 另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思,如:goods货物,waters水域,fishes(各种)鱼。 

C) 不可数名词:不可数名词主要分物质名词和抽象名词。

1) 物质名词是指表示无法分为个体的实物的词,常见的物质名词,:snow(),rain(), water(),coffee(咖啡), tea(), meat (), milk(牛奶), rice(米饭), bread(面包), orange (桔汁), beef (牛肉), chicken(鸡肉) , juice (果汁), pork(猪肉) , Coke (可口可乐), ice cream (冰激凌) ;

2) 抽象名词是指表示动作、状态、品质、感情等抽象概念的词,常见的抽象名词,:work(工作), study(学习), love(), friendship (友谊)等。

Step 8 Around the world : A Western breakfast.

1. Ask the students to look at the picture and discuss what they can see.

2. Read through the information with the whole class.

Step 9 Module task:  Making a poster about a healthy breakfast.

1.Work in groups of four or five. Make a poster about a healthy breakfast.

2. Present your poster to the class. Talk about it with your classmates.

Step 10 Exercise

A. some, any填空。

1. —Have you got _______ fruit?  —Yes, we have.

2. —Have we got _______ meat?  —No, we haven’t.

3. We’ve got ________ oranges and _______ apples.

4. We have got _______ melons.

5. We haven’t got _______ tomatoes.

Answers:

1. any    2. any    3. some, some  4. some    5. any

B. 完成句子:

1. 我们有一些猪肉吗? 没有。

_________ we ___________________________?

No , ___________________.

2. 你们有一些土豆吗? 有。

_________ you___________________________?

Yes, ___________________.

3. 我们的冰箱里没有胡萝卜。

We __________________________ in the fridge.

4. 鱼和蔬菜是健康的食品,但汉堡包不是。

Fish and vegetables ___________________________ healthy food.

5. 吃些水果,不要吃糖果和冰激淋。

__________ some fruit , ____________ candy __________ ice cream .

 

Answers:

1. Have, got any pork , we haven’t    2. Have, got any potatoes, we have    

3. haven’t got any carrots   4. are healthy food , but hamburgers aren’t  

5. Eat, not , or

C. 根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空格处填入正确的词,使短文意思完整。

My name is Tom. I’m from (1)A _________ I’m fourteen (2)y _________ old . I’m in China with my (3)p _________ now. I like China. I like (4)C_________ food, too. I eat rice and (5)v _________ everyday. They are (6)h _________ food. My favourite vegetables are carrots and (7)t_________. I like drinking tea. My father and mother also like (8)d _________ tea, too. I don’t like Coke. Coke is (9)u _________ drink. I also eat noodles, fish and meat. I don’t like candy. Candy isn’t healthy food. I like fruit . Apples are my favourite (10)f _________

Keys :

1. America   2. years   3. parents  4. Chinese    5. vegetables

6. healthy  7. tomatoes  8. drinking  9. unhealthy  10. fruit

 



 

  评论这张
 
阅读(52)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018