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基于数字化学习环境下有效校本教研

促进教师专业化成长研修平台

 
 
 

日志

 
 
 
 

Unit 3 Language in use  

2015-12-25 11:32:59|  分类: 校本研修英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Ⅰ Teaching model
Listening, speaking and reading
Ⅱ Teaching method
归纳总结     强化训练     能力提升
Ⅲ Teaching aims:
1. 掌握本单元单词和短语 
2. 掌握Grammar(语法):原因状语从句,目的状语从句和结果状语从句.
Useful phrases: be proud of  =take pride in 以……为骄傲, set off 出发,开始 
on one‘s way to+地点,在某人去某地的路上 get away 逃离 no matter what 无论怎么样
Ⅳ Teaching aids: 
Tape recorder, OHP, pictures, handouts 
Ⅴ Teaching Steps
Step 1:Revision
  Revise the new words and phrases we have learned in unit 2.
Step 2:Listening and vocabulary 
1. Learn how to use because, so, so that.
2. Play the tape and have them read and follow. And then choose the best answer.
Step 3:Explain the important and difficult points 
1. proud of  =take pride in 以……为骄傲
  区别比较:
proud是形容词性,pride是名词性,be proud of和take pride in后面都可以加sth. 或doing sth.区别就是在be和take上,一个是用be动词,一
个用的是动词。
例:I‘m proud of helping others when they are in trouble.
 我为自己能在别人有困难时帮助他人而自豪。
 I take pride in helping others when they are trouble.
我为自己能在别人有困难时帮助他人而自豪
2. Then they set off for home然后他们出发回家。 
Set off
1)开始旅程
 Set off for Europe. 开始欧洲之旅。
2)爆炸:引起爆炸  
 Set off a chemical reaction. 发生化学反应 
3)区分:指出不同;区分  
 Features sets him off from the croed.使他与人群分开的特征 
4)强调: 通过对比引起注意;强调 
 Set off a passage with red colour
 用红色强调一段 。
常用词组
(1) set about   开始:开始或出发 
  set about doing sth.开始着手做某事。 
   Set about solving the problem. 着手解决
(2) set out   着手:开始一个热切的计划;
   set out to do sth. 开始着手做某事
   He set out to understand why the plan had failed. 他开始明白为什么计划失败了。
(3) set apart 
  1)留出,拨出:留出以备专用 
 You must set apart some money for the future. 你必须留出一些钱来以备将来之用。
2)使引人注目 (set apart from 从……中分离出来)
 Her high height sets her apart from her sisters.高高的个子使她在其姊妹中分外引人注目。
(4). set down  
 1). 坐:使坐;坐下
  Set the baby down here. 让小孩坐这儿。  
 2). 记录:写下;记录  
We set down the facts. 我们记下事实。
 3). 把……归于:由……引起;
Let‘s set the error down to inexperience. 让我们把错误归于没有经验。
4). 着陆:(飞机)着陆 
  The plane set down on the airport.飞机在机场着陆。
(5). set up   
1)直立:放于竖直位置  
He set up the statue in the square.他把雕像竖立在广场里
2)组装:集合并装配   
  Set up a new machine. 组装一台新机器  
3). 建立  
 Set up a charity. 建立一家慈善机构 
3. ten more years on the way home
 on one‘s way to+地点,在某人去某地的路上。地点是home,there等地点副词时,省略to 
I met my old friend on my way to park.我在去公园的路上遇到了一位老朋友。
I can't enter my house because I've lost my key on my way home.
我进不了自己的房子,因为在回家的路上我把钥匙丢了。
4. the only one who recognises him is his old dog.
recognise vt.
1) 识别出某人[某事物];
 My classmate doesn’t recognise me because I cut my hair yesterday.
 我同学没有认出我,因为我昨天把头发剪了。
2) 承认…有效(属实); 认可; 
  Recognise a new government承认新政府
3) 承认[认清](某事物); 
  I recognise no such thing.我不承认任何这类事情。
5. but he manages to get away. 但是他成功逃脱了
get away 离开,脱身; 逃掉; 抽身; 拔身; 
1) 走开,离开:
   例句: She didn‘t get away until nine last night.昨晚九点她才离开。
2). 逃走,跑掉;逃离犯罪现场:
例句: I caught three mice,but one got away.我逮住了三只耗子,但有一只逃脱了。
3). 休假:
  例句: I couldn‘t get away at all last year,I was too busy.去年我根本不能休假,我太忙了
6. I also learn from him that great men never give up, no matter what difficulties they face.
 no matter与疑问词who, what, where, when, how, if, whether等连用,意为“无论,不管”。如:
1) Don‘t open the door, no matter who comes. 不管谁来都别开门
2) Don‘t trust him, no matter what he says. 无论他说什么,都别相信他。    
3) No matter where you work, you can always find time to study. 
   无论你在哪里工作,你都能找到时间学习。
Step 4:Grammar box: 状语从句总结
1. 时间状语从句
由as, after, as soon as, before, since, until , when ,whenever, while 等连词来引导
As he explored the sea, he took a lot of pictures. 他探海的时候拍了很多照片。
As soon as he arrivied in France, he called me. 他一到达法国就给我打了电话。
He has been in Shanghai since he was born. 自他出生以来他就一直在上海。
Don’t come in until you are called. 除非你被叫到,否则不要进来 。
Whenever we’re in trouble, he’ll help us. 无论何时只要我们有困难,他都会帮助我们。
 While I was watching TV, the bell rang。 我正在看电视的时候,门铃响了。
2. 原因状语从句
常用引导词: because, since, as
I didn’t go surfing, because it was too cold.我没有去冲浪,因为太冷了。
  As the car is expensive, we can’t buy it.因为车太贵了所以没有买。
  Since he was busy, he didn’t come. 他太忙了所以没有来。
3. 目的状语从句
常用引导词:so, so that, in order that 
We’ll sit near the front so we can hear the speaker better.
我们坐在前面,这样可以更好地听演讲。
He sat in the dark so that he couldn’t be seen. 坐在暗处,这样的话不容易被发现。
4. 结果状语从句
常用引导词: so, so… that, such … that, 
He was so weak that he couldn’t walk on.他如此虚弱所以不能走路。
He got up so early that he caught the first bus.他起的如此早,这样他就能赶上头班车了。
It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it. 这是一个很好的机会我们不能错过了。
5. 比较状语从句
常用引导词:as (so)…as , than 等引导
 She is not so (as) bad-tempered as her mother. 她脾气不像她母亲那样暴躁。
 The house is three times as big as ours. 这房子比我们的大三倍。
6. 条件状语从句
常用引导词:if, unless
We’ll start our project if the president agrees. 如果总统同意,我们就会开始我们的项目。
If you travel in India, you can use English everywhere.
如果你去印度旅游,再任何地方你都可以使用英语。
I won’t pass the exam unless I work hard. 除非我努力学习,否则不会通过考试。

Step 4:Exercise
一、根据句意及首字母或汉语提示写单词。
1. John joined the a______ two years ago. That is to say, he has been a soldier for two years. 
2. People all over the world call for peace, but hate w______. 
3. A dictionary is a very good t______ when we learn English.
4. The writer decides to r_______ the story because some boys don’t like it.
5. The doctor decided to give the boy complete t________. 
6. Ling ling wants to do m __________ research when she grows up.
7. This morning some foreigners came to visit our school. They are all C__________.  
8. Edison tried thousands of times, and finally he i__________ the bulb.
9 .Luckily, the o__________on the old lady was quite successful.
10.Bell was one of the greatest________(发明家). He invented the phone.
11 He is a person _______ (没有) many words
二、单项选择
 (   ) 1.What he said made our teacher                .
    A. angry   B. angrily C. sadly D. happily
(   ) 2. In 1938, Dr. Bethune came to China        the Chinese soldiers.
A. treated B. treating C. to treat  D. to treated 
(   )3. The famous nurse was born       May 12th ,1820 and died         Agust,1910
    A. in ;on  B. on; in  C. on; on  D. in; in
(   ) 4. If you have questions, you should ask the teacher        information.
    A. by  B. at  C. for  D. to 
(   ) 5. I can’t pronounce the word .Let’s         in a dictionary.
    A. look up it  B. to look it up   C. to look up it  D. look it up 
(   ) 6.         little food isn’t enough for         many people.
    A. Such ;so  B. So ;such  C. Such; such  D. So ;so
(   ) 7. There’re        books in our school library.
    A. thousands  B. thousand of  C. two thousand  D. two thousands of 
 (   ) 8. Can you make the girl          crying?
    A. to stop  B. stopped  C. stopping  D. stop 
(   ) 9. His parents asked him      play computer games for a long time.
    A. not  B. to not  C. don’t  D. not to
(   ) 10. It’s kind      you to help me.
    A. for        B. with        C. of       D. about
三、根据所给的汉语句子补充完整(每空一词)
1. 老师要求他重写作文。
The teacher  ________ him to ________ the composition. 
2. 雷锋是我国最知名的英雄。
Lei Feng was one of the most _______ _______ in China. 
3. 他一直在照顾那位受伤的战士。
He kept looking after the _______ _______. 
4. 医生立即为老人实施了手术。
The doctor _______ an _______ on the old man at once. 
5. 他们正在报纸上查阅信息。
They were _______ _______ the information in the newspapers. 
6. 些学生在公园里玩得很开心。
The students ________ ________ in the park yesterday.





练习题答案:
一、 根据句意及首字母或汉语提示写单词。
1. army   2. rewrite   3. tool   4. rewrite    5. treatment  6. medical 
7. Canadians   8. invented   9. operation  10. inventors 11. without
二、单项选择
1-5 ACBCD  6-10 ACDDC
三、根据所给的汉语句子补充完整(每空一词)
1. asked, rewrite      2. famous heroes   3. wounded soldiers    4. performed operation
5. looking up         6. enjoyed themselves

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