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基于数字化学习环境下有效校本教研

促进教师专业化成长研修平台

 
 
 

日志

 
 
 
 

Unit 2 We have celebrated the festival since the first pioneers arrived in America. 续  

2015-12-23 09:59:27|  分类: 校本研修英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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7.  teach sb how to do sth   sb如何去做sth

     EgCould you teach me how to use the computer?

        你能教我怎么使用电脑吗?

  【拓展】

(1) teach sb to do sth   sb去做sth                  

(2) teach sb sth = teach sth to sb   sb. sth        

EgThe teacher taught me to sing the song patiently. 老师耐心的教我唱歌。

       Miss Green teaches us history. 格林小姐教我们历史课。

 

8. lay the table   摆设桌子  (laylaidlaid)

    EgMy mother asked me to lay the table 

             for dinner.

 【拓展】(1) lay还可表示“下蛋;产卵”  (lay—laid—laid)

          (2) lay 还是lie(撒谎)的过去式  (lie—lay—lain)

    EgThe hen laid an egg this morng.母鸡今早下了一个蛋

     He lay on the bed, listening to his favourite music. 他躺在床上,听他最喜欢的音乐。

9. remember to do sth 记得去做某事

   Remember doing sth 记得做过了某事

     Remember to finish you home work. 记得完成你们的作业。

  She didn't even remember doing it. 她甚至记不起来自己做过这件事

 10.     too much+不可数名词

         too many+可数名词复数

         much too+ adj. 太……样

   You drink too much water.你喝的水太多了。

There are too many apples in the basket. 篮子里有很多的苹果。

Its much too early to get up now.现在起床太早了

 

11. once a year   一年一次 

   (表示频率,对其提问用how often)

    once 一次    twice 两次     基数词+times 三次及 以上

Eg---How often do you call your parents?

         ---Once a week.

 ---你多久给你父母打一次电话?

 ---一周一次。

12 as well也;还 (句末;肯定句)

EgI can sing this song well and John can as well.

  我能唱好这首歌唱歌,约翰也可以。

【拓展】as well as 以及;并且 (就前一致)

EgMike as well as his parents likes go fishing. 迈克和他的父母喜欢去钓鱼。

 

13  be busy with sth   忙于sth

  Be busy doing sth  忙于做sth

EgMy mother is busy with housework every day.妈妈每天忙着做家务。

 I was busy doing my homework yesterday.

      我昨天一直忙着写家庭作业。

14 I need plenty of time to finish the work.

     我需要大量的时间去完成这项工作。

15. enjoy oneself  玩的开心,玩的愉快。

      = have fun

     We enjoyed ourselves at the party.

        我们在聚会上玩得很愉快。

 

16 The local people, the Native Americans, taught the pioneers how to grow corn.

当地人,也就是美洲印第安人,教这些拓荒者如何种植玉米。

Native Americans 在这里指美洲印第安人,是美洲的原著居民,即在哥伦布于1492 年登上美洲大陆之前就在那里定居的人。

 

17. The following year they celebrated together by eating a dinner of the new food.

第二年他们聚在一起品尝新收获的食物,一起

欢庆(丰收)

by eating a dinner of the new food 在句中作状语,表示以聚餐品尝新食物的方式(来庆祝)。by doing sth. 常用来表示“以某种行为的方式”。例如:

The little girl earns her living by selling newspapers.

小女孩靠卖报纸为生。

They learnt English by listening to the radio. 他们通过听收音机学英语。

 

Step 4Exercise

一、选择填空

    1 All the countries celebrate New Year in ____

A the same way   B a different way      C different ways      D one way

    2 All the living things ____ the sun for their growth.

A depend on      B live on            C feed on            D grow up

    3 I’ll make a phone call to you ___ I get home.

A while          B as soon as          C since              D for

    4 Both of us got to the factory _____

A at the same time      B at same time     C in a different time    D in different times

A But                B Although       C Because             D However

    5 Many people make _____ for the New Year.

A decisions             B resolutions     C clothes               D list

A called               B calling       C to call                  D calls

    6 He promised ____ play computer games again

A don’t                B doesn’t        C not to                 D didn’t

    7 Some families get together ____ a special meal.

A with                 B to            C for                   D on

    8 My desk mate is in trouble , I want to _____

A help him out           B help out him    C help he out           D help out he

(     ) 9. ----could you please tell me ______in today's newspaper?  ---- Sorry, ______.

  A something special; special nothing       B special something; special nothing 

C anything special; something special       D something special; nothing special

(   ) 10 Everyone is different in the world. So please ____. 

A. be yourself           B. help yourself   C. enjoy yourself      D. by yourself

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